Introduction to Kali Linux
Kali Linux is a Debian based linux distro which is used in digital forensics & pen testing applications. It is made & updated periodically by Offensive security. The main developers of Kali Linux are Mati Aharoni, Devon Kearns and Raphaël Hertzog.
Why Kali Linux?
Kali Linux is a special linux distro made with the purpose of pentesters. You can install any linux distro & make it work like Kali, but don’t you think a already available product is there.
Most Popular Tools in Kali Linux
Kali Linux has released their 2017.3 version of it’s OS. There are more than 600 applications in the collection. The most popular ones are
- Nmap (port scanner)
- Wireshark (a packet analyzer),
- John the Ripper (a password cracker)
- Aircrack-ng (a software suite for penetration-testing wireless LANs),
- Burp suite and OWASP ZAP (both web application security scanners).
Kali Linux is very independent in terms of installation. You can install it in Hard Disk, live CD or live USB, or it can run within a virtual machine. Metasploit framework also supports Kali.
Kali Linux Commands
There are mainly four types of commands in a Kali Linux OS.
- File & directory commands
- Process scheduling commands
- Search commands
- Disk commands
File & directory commands
|pwd||present working directory|
|cp||copy one or more files from one directory to another|
|clear||clear terminal screen|
|basename||Strip directory and suffix from filenames|
Process scheduling commands
|fuser||Identify/kill the process that is accessing a file|
|kill||Stop a process from running|
|killall||Kill processes by name|
|pkill||Stop processes from running|
|egrep||Search files for lines that match an extended expression|
|fgrep||Search files for lines that match a fixed string|
|find||Search for files that meet a desired criteria|
|grep||Search files for lines that match a given pattern|
|ram||ram disk device|
|sync||Synchronize data on disk with memory|
|cfdisk||Partition table manipulator for Linux|
|dd||Convert and copy a file, write disk headers, boot records|
|df||Display free disk space|
|fdformat||Low-level format a floppy disk|
That’s all for now. If you like this article, then please drop a comment for us. Your feedbacks are always welcome. Thank You.